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ONLINE MUSEUM OF INDONESIAN IKAT TEXTILES  CURATOR: PETER TEN HOOPEN   BROWSE FROM:  [RANDOM] [001] [025] [050] [075] [100] [125] [150] [175] [200] [225] [243]


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Traditional Indonesian ikat textiles

An archipelago-wide collection

An exclusive focus on ikat

spacer woven Languages - Catalogue cover
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spacer EXHIBITION & CATALOGUE
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The Museu do Oriente in Lisbon, Portugal, exhibited 80 masterworks of ikat weaving from the Pusaka Collection in 2014-2015. Click above to order catalogue: 144 pages, lavishly illustrated with field photography, antique and contemporary, and 80 full-page plates. READ PRESS RELEASE
 
PRESS COVERAGE
 
UPCOMING EXHIBITIONS

2017: Hong Kong University Museum and Art Gallery. A comprehensive exhibition with over 100 pieces on display. Co-curated by Dr. Florian Knothe. May-October, dates to be announced.

2017: Palácio Cadaval, Evora, Portugal. An intimate exhibition of 25-30 choice pieces in an elegant private location. Co-curated by Alexandra de Cadaval. September-October, dates to be announced.
 
The Pusaka Collection, a private non-profit creation, has a narrow focus on traditional ikat textiles from Indonesia, mostly antiques, aiming to show some of the finest specimens from the archipelago. The collection is modest in size, but comprises some true treasures - such as an 'elephant patolu', one of the best preserved of only a dozen known specimens, old birth sarongs from the tiny island of Raijua, exquisite late 19th C silk and gold brocade heirlooms from Bangka, fragile double ikat geringsing from Bali, and old pieces from remote little islands such as Alor, Kisar, Lembata, Ndao, Pantar, Semau, Solor, and Seram.
     Other than most collections, generally focused on a good number of stellar pieces, the Pusaka Collection shows a whole culture. It spans the entire arc of the Indonesian archipelago, from Sumatra in the west till Timor and the Moluccas in the east. In fact it reaches beyond Indonesia's boundaries to include the Malaysian state of Serawak on Borneo, and the Democratic Republic of East Timor.
     We have chosen to present the collection island by island, but you may also browse around at random, using the Gallery or the rapid access points above. For those unfamiliar with ikat textiles, we recommend the menu option 'What is ikat?'

Documentation

We attempt to describe all regions of ikat production, even those that in quantitative terms are meagrely represented. It may seem excessive to write a whole chapter on a region represented in the collection by a just a few cloths - or even a single example as in the case of the islands Babar, Luang, Leti, Lakor and Seram, and the Kalimantan tribal areas Kantu, Ketungau and Mualang - but these textiles are so rare that many major museums with Asian textile collections have not a single one; hence describing them to the best of our ability seems a worthwhile contribution to the collective knowledge base. We apologize that for copyright reasons some parts of this website are limited to scholarly use on application.
     Our interest is not limited to the textiles per se: we are equally fascinated by the cultures that produced them. Who are these people who spent months, when not years, working on a single piece of cloth? What are their beliefs, their customs, their drives? In the many short chapters we have tried to distill the essence of what we learned from the various scholars whose works we had access to, from dealers and fellow collectors, and from local people during our collecting trips on the islands.
     As for the individual cloths, efforts have been made to provide accurate descriptions, based on a combination of information provided by the sellers (be they original owners or dealers), desk research, and visits to museum reserves, consultation of experts - both in academia and in the collecting community - to specifically vet important pieces, microscopic inspection, and contributions by website visitors kind enough to share specific knowledge of certain textiles.
     Dating is a sensitive issue, as Indonesian textiles are notoriously hard to date - and in a few cases even hard to place. Our dating is informed by comparison with cognates of ascertained or probable age; by stylistic aspects; provenance (e.g. an old Dutch collection); its condition correlated with its intended use; where indigo is the dominant tone the presence or absence of skatol in its smell; and other criteria. We are not offended if you call this composite an educated guess. Where we do use a concrete year, like 1930, please interpret it as the midpoint of a range with about a decade on either side. All given sizes refer to the body of the cloth, exclusive of any fringes.
     We strive to provide references to pieces in literature and museum collections for all cloths, annotating the degree of similarity; sometimes using them to undergird our statements regarding motif, origin or dating. Where possible we provide multiple references; this to facilitate scholarly use of the material in our collection. If you notice errors, or can contribute knowledge on certain cloths, e.g. more specific information on origin, tribe, pattern, or tradition, please click on the 'ADD NOTE' button at the bottom right hand corner of the respective page. Your contributions are very welcome.

Collection aims for quality and geographic reach

Flores Group, Ngadha, 1930
Pusaka Nr. 076


 
Pusaka Collection is not a business, but a private collection, built up over decades by purchases on the islands and from dealers and auction houses around the world. Occasionally, pieces are traded or sold to provide funds for new purchases, where it is our aim to showcase both the stylistic diversity between the islands and their intimate interwovenness. Though we feel that we have the Indonesian archipelago and its ikat tradition fairly well covered, there are still a few lacunae and we are open to the acquisition of new pieces that can enrich the collection in terms of either geographical spread, age, or artistic excellence.

Reflections on an unraveling culture

While we were not aware of this at the time we started collecting traditional Indonesian ikat textiles, it has become clear to us over time that the act of collecting, particularly of pieces of high quality and rarity, is in fact robbing the island communities of their heirlooms, pieces that are vital for their social cohesion and spiritual well-being.
     Economic pressures as well have contributed massively to the cultural destruction - islanders simply cannot afford anymore to spend many months of even years producing a heirloom cloth - as but Ruth Barnes, doyenne of ikat scholarship, notes in her seminal article Without Cloth We Cannot Marry:
     "The situation at present puts scholars working with contemporary 'traditional' Indonesian art in an impossible position. We feel committed to people whose craftsmanship and mastery of their environment we appreciate. They have given us much, and perhaps we feel that we can only repay them by passing on what we have learned from them. There, however, we are caught; with our publications [such as indeed this website], we inadvertently threaten the cultural heritage of those to whom we owe so much."
     While we agree that, paradoxically, any and all attention given to these products of tradition accelerates the unraveling of the culture that produced them, we must also acknowledge that there is a parallel truth. Collectors and curators are far and away the most effective agents in the preservation of the Indonesian islands’ heritage of material culture and, perhaps even more importantly, in its documentation.
     While some of the older museum collections have regrettably rudimentary, and occasionally erroneous information on provenance and social import of their textiles because their core was formed by gifts from missionaries to whom the pieces primarily represented objectionable manifestations of 'heathen' ways of life, and at best visually appealing curiosities, from around 1975 onwards the study of Indonesian ikat was taken up with great energy, respect for its social function, and a new sense of urgency due to the realization that both the technique itself and local knowledge about the meaning of motifs were fading fast.
     In our view it behoves us as collectors to take care of these heirlooms as if they were our own - in full consciousness that we are merely their temporary guardians - and use them to help create understanding for a culture that had many admirable aspects that, once understood to the full, may inform and inspire our contemporary life.

An invitation to contribute

This website, which is expanded and deepened over time in a continuous process of knowledge acquisition and sharing, aims to serve the textile loving community as a clearing house for information on Indonesian ikat. We specifically invite you to visit the Collections and Literature pages - and to suggest additions. Every page describing individual cloths has a little button such as the one below right, which invites you to share what you know. Please do not hesitate to use it, even if the information you can provide seems minor.
 
Add personal note
Any information that can improve the functioning of this clearing house is much appreciated. We thank the growing number of people who have enriched the Pusaka Collection by sharing their knowledge, and hope that our work contributes to the international recognition of the unique beauty of traditional Indonesian ikat textiles.

High resolution images

magnifier  Clicking this icon in page headings opens a page [example] that allows you to view the cloth with a digital magnifier by moving your mouse curser over the areas you wish to inspect.

Microscopic images

microscope  Clicking this icon in page headings opens a page [example] with one or more images in 800x magnification which allows inspection of the threads and individual fibres.

Detail images

detail  Clicking this icon in page headings opens a page [example] with one or more detail images.

Pronunciation

To help you pronounce local terms correctly we have compiled a compact Pronunciation Guide.

Acknowledgements

We wish to thank all those who have enriched the collection by sharing their knowledge, their contacts, or providing moral support. Special mention deserve, salvis titulis et honoribus: Ruth Barnes, Wayne Barton, Joe Bartlett, Koos Bavelaar, Ben Bekooy, Beverley Birks, Aja Bordeville, Francine Brinkgreve, Sofía Campos Lopes, Chris Buckley, Alexandra de Cadaval, Pamela Cross, Geneviève Duggan, Julie Emery, Aone van Engelenhoven, Jill Forshee, Vanessa von Gliszczynski, Mark Johnson, Susi Johnston, Vernon Kedit, Chandra Iban Kantuk, Brigitte Khan-Majlis, John Kreifeldt, Gregory Nyanggau Mawar, Kay Mertens, Thomas Murray, Michael Palmieri, Lewa Perdomuan, Sue and David Richardson, Susanne Rodemeier, Sandra Sardjono, Mac Darrell Serizawa, Tim Steinert, Dorothé Swinkels, Tina Tabone, Birgit Voss, Emilie Wellfelt.
        In a category of their own are co-collector Georges Breguet, who has generously facilitated acquisitions of important pieces; Rudolf Smend who supported this project through his belief in it and shared crucial contacts; and Gary Gartenberg, our trusted consigliere in matters of collecting philosophy, whose wisdom and values have immensely enriched the 'Pusaka Collection'.


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